Importance of biodegradable plastic pdf

Release time:2023-09-18 Number of views: 20

Title: The Significance of Biodegradable Plastic in Reducing Pollution

Plastic pollution has become a grave environmental concern affecting our planet, especially our oceans. The excessive use of conventional plastics has led to the accumulation of non-biodegradable waste that persists in the environment for hundreds of years. Hence, the introduction of biodegradable plastics plays a crucial role in combating this issue. In this article, we will delve into the importance of biodegradable plastic and its potential to reduce pollution.

1. Definition and Characteristics of Biodegradable Plastic:
Biodegradable plastics are materials derived from natural sources, such as plants and microorganisms. Unlike traditional plastics, these materials can decompose into non-toxic elements within a relatively short period, minimizing their impact on the environment. They possess similar properties to conventional plastics, including durability and versatility, but without the long-lasting pollution concerns.

2. Reduction of Land and Marine Pollution:
Conventional plastic waste occupies valuable landfill space and contributes to soil pollution. By incorporating biodegradable plastics, we create an opportunity to alleviate the pressure on landfills, allowing for the more sustainable management of waste. Furthermore, when disposed of improperly, conventional plastics often find their way into water bodies, leading to marine pollution. Biodegradable plastics, on the other hand, break down over time, reducing the risk of harming marine life.

3. Lowering Carbon Footprint:
The production of traditional plastics involves the extraction and processing of fossil fuels, contributing to greenhouse gas emissions. In contrast, biodegradable plastics are typically made from renewable resources, such as corn starch or sugarcane, which have a lower carbon footprint. By using such materials, we can reduce our dependence on fossil fuels and contribute to the mitigation of climate change.

4. Encouraging a Circular Economy:
Biodegradable plastics are a significant asset in the transition towards a circular economy. Instead of being discarded after use, these materials can be recycled or broken down into compost, which can be used to enrich soil for sustainable agriculture. This approach reduces the reliance on new plastic production and conserves resources, leading to a more sustainable and eco-friendly future.

5. Challenges and Future Prospects:
Despite the benefits, several challenges need to be addressed for the widespread adoption of biodegradable plastics. One concern is the lack of infrastructure for separate waste collection and composting facilities. Additionally, there is a need for continuous research and development to improve the properties and affordability of biodegradable plastics.

The importance of biodegradable plastics cannot be overstated in the fight against plastic pollution. The potential to reduce land and marine pollution, lower carbon footprint, and foster a circular economy make them a critical solution for a sustainable future. As consumers, it is our responsibility to choose biodegradable options and encourage businesses and governments to support their usage. Together, we can make a significant impact in preserving our planet for future generations.